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Calisthenics is a form of exercise that uses bodyweight movements to build strength, improve flexibility, and increase endurance. This fitness technique involves using your own body weight as resistance to perform exercises such as push-ups, pull-ups, squats, lunges, planks, and more.

What Does It Mean?

The term ‘calisthenics’ comes from the Greek words ‘kallos’ (meaning beautiful) and ‘sthenos’ (meaning strength).

This form of exercise is typically performed without any equipment, making it a cost-effective and convenient way to exercise.


Examples of calisthenics exercises include:

  • Push-ups
  • Pull-ups
  • Squats
  • Lunges
  • Planks
  • Sit-ups
  • Jumping Jacks

Synonyms and Antonyms

Synonyms for calisthenics include bodyweight training, gymnastics, and body resistance training. There are no direct antonyms for calisthenics as it is a type of exercise rather than a characteristic.

Related Terms

Calisthenics is related to other fitness techniques such as:

  • Weightlifting
  • Bodybuilding
  • Aerobic exercise
  • Circuit training

Confusing Terms

Calisthenics is sometimes confused with other fitness techniques such as yoga or Pilates, which focus more on improving flexibility and balance rather than strength and endurance.

Madeleine Smith

Content Lead at

Madeleine is passionate about empowering individuals with the information and tools they need to transform their bodies and lives.