Carbs, short for carbohydrates, are one of the three macronutrients that provide energy to the body, the other two being proteins and fats. They are an essential part of a healthy and balanced diet, and are found in a variety of foods like fruits, vegetables, grains, and dairy products.
What do Carbs do?
Carbs are the primary source of energy for the body, especially the brain and the nervous system. They are broken down into glucose, a type of sugar, which is then used by the body for fuel.
Carbs also play an important role in weight loss, as they help control hunger and maintain satiety, which can help with portion control and preventing overeating. Additionally, they are important for athletic performance, as they provide the necessary energy to fuel physical activity.
Types of Carbs
Carbs can be divided into two main types: simple and complex. Simple carbs are made up of one or two sugar molecules and are quickly digested and absorbed by the body, providing a quick source of energy. Examples of simple carbs include table sugar, honey, and fruit. Complex carbs, on the other hand, are made up of three or more sugar molecules and take longer to digest, providing a more sustained source of energy. Examples of complex carbs include whole grains, vegetables, and legumes.
Synonyms and Antonyms
Related terms include glycemic index, which is a ranking of how quickly carbs are digested and absorbed by the body, and fiber, which is a type of carb that cannot be digested by the body and is important for digestive health.
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